The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. = She said that she was tired. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. Learn how to use reported speech in English.Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is used to tell somebody else what another person said.Using reported speech in English can sometimes be difficult for non-native speakers as we (usually) change the verbs, pronouns and specific times. You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. This fact is made most obviously clear when the present tense is adapted to the past, as follows: Think about the verb going one step backwards. We can use reported speech to express orders, requests and advice.. Orders. This reflects the difference in time between when the comment was originally made, and when it was reported. Question . Tense changes. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." ; The structure here is: Dinner’s ready! She told him to wash his hands. She told him not to touch the pan. Learn useful grammar rules in relation to Reported speech with example sentences and ESL printable worksheets.. Look at a summary of these changes. ; Jim’s mum: Don’t touch that pan – it’s hot! When you use reported speech, many times the verb from direct speech changes. He said that I had worked over my ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Perfect Tense Keep reading to understand how to use reported speech and download this free English lesson! “I had worked over my project”, he said. (reported/indirect speech) The verb tense in the original, direct speech sentence (‘will’) has been adapted to ‘would’ as necessary. Tense Change in Reported Speech. Welcome back to part 2 of your ‘Everyday English’ lesson on reported speech. Tense changes in reported speech When a person said something in the past and now we tell somebody what that person said, the time is different, and for this reason, the verb tenses change. Solve following direct and indirect speech exercise for past perfect tense. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). He said that he had worked over his project. Reported speech - Indirect speech Simple Past. This lesson should be reviewed after part 1 (read part 1 here), where we talked about important rules for time tense changes in indirect speech.Today, we’ll be focusing on the 4 changes necessary when you do need to make changes from direct to indirect speech.. We use reported speech when the agent (doer of the action) is to be made prominent and we use passive voice when we the person or object on which the action is done is to be made prominent. In such cases the agent with ‘by’ is usually avoided. = … Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Reported Speech: Mary said that she ate a lot of fruit. The simple past tense usually changes to the past perfect in reported speech. Present Simple → Past Simple Direct Speech: I eat a lot of fruit. Tenses change in indirect speech if: the reported words are no longer true or are out-of-date; this is often the case when we report something after the reference point of the original statement and the reporting verb is in a past tense: Philip in 1980: I … / Mary told me that she ate a lot of fruit. Change of tenses. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Pronoun changes in reported speech In reported or indirect speech we must also pay attention to the use of pronouns. 1. An order is when somebody tells you to do something.. We can use ‘tell’ with infinitives to report orders: Jim’s mum: Wash your hands!
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