Let’s read now from Romans 10:14-21. The arms outstretched all the day long are the symbol of that incessant pleading love which Israel through all its history has consistently despised. Communities and individuals should beware how they slight the mercies of God, and especially how they turn a deaf ear to the invitations of the gospel. Isaiah speaks plainly of the grace and favour of God, as going before in the receiving of the Gentiles. New American Standard Version But no man, since the fall, ever did so or ever can do so: therefore, salvation by the works of the law is absolutely impossible. Romans 11:7.—Philpot, Thursday Penny Pulpit, vol. of the antecedent [for the consequent]. Vv. (7) God is often found by those who apparently are the farthest from Him, while He remains undiscovered by those who think themselves the nearest (Romans 10:20-21; and see Matthew 8:11-12; Matthew 19:30). Rating Required. 21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people. (5) How piercingly and perpetually should that question - "HOW SHALL THEY HEAR WITHOUT A PREACHER?" ii., p. 301. They permit Me to extend My hands, nor do they come. See Acts 13:45. people. Yet there is a mercy which, where the sin of man abounds, yet more abounds. Ro 10:21 But to Israel he saith. I. the whole day, [all the day long] ch. ekpetannumi. The gospel's want of success, or the fact that few believe our report, is only a reason for its wider extension. He will treat them as they treat his Son. He, i.e., Isaiah, speaking for God, as in the previous verse, saith (Isaiah 65:2). 21.] on StudyLight.org It is an appeal on behalf of God's standard of holiness, and against the laxity and sin of man. He ends his commentary on Romans 1-8 by saying, 'The journey on which Paul leads us throughout Romans is far from over' (p 733). All day long I spread out, etc. Note how this unfolds: ". One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. Romans 12:10 In love of the brethren be tenderly affectioned one to another; in honor preferring one another; "love of the brethren"-"Anyone who would follow the Christ must become a lover of his brothers and sisters". 1. Greek. Romans 10:17: “So faith comesfrom hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.” Some manuscripts read “God” instead of “Christ,” but “Christ” is the better attested reading. c. 20 and c. 24, sect. 12 Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer. Even by this one word alone the doctrine of the double will of God, viz., a mere good-will [which is towards all men], and a will of sealing [certain persons as His elect; beneplaciti et signi; εὑδοκία, Luke 2:14, good will; but σφραγὶς, sealing as the Lord’s own, 2 Timothy 2:19, or else the “voluntas beneplaciti” is God’s effectual good will towards the elect, Ephesians 1:5, εὐδοκία τοῦ θελήματος αὐτοῦ; the “voluntas signi,” His mere figurative and ostensible good will, whereby it is said in accommodation to human modes of thought “God willeth all men to be saved.” Comp. … Sometimes it is the intention of the quotation to prove that something was predicted, or properly foretold in the prophetic writings, as. The blessings of a covenant relation to God are the unalienable right of no people and of no church, but can be preserved only by fidelity on the part of men to the covenant itself, Romans 10:19. v., p. 270. Clarke's Romans 10:21 Bible Commentary But to Israel he saith - In the very next verse, (Isaiah 65:2), All day long have I stretched forth my hands, manifesting the utmost readiness and willingness to gather them all together under my protecting care; but I stretched forth my hands in vain, for they are a disobedient and gainsaying people. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found … B. iii. How long, alas! The law is the letter that killeth; the Gospel is the spirit that giveth life. Now viewing scripture range from the book of Romans chapter 10:1 through chapter 10:21... Romans Chapter 10. As the rudiments of the tree are in the seed, so all the elements of the New Testament doctrines are in the Old. Romans 11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. Christianity is, from its nature, adapted to be an universal religion. 5. on StudyLight.org As the soul passes the gate of eternity, the pierced hands of Christ, which during the long day of life have been outstretched upon the cross, seem to the soul's eye to detach themselves and to fold together for judgment. Romans 10:21. (337), But as for Israel He says, " All the day long I have stretched out My hands to a disobedient and obstinate people . Romans 10:1. His appeal is the appeal of love, of love the most tender, the most practical, the most disinterested. Comments Required. Romans 10:17. And he says daily, that it might not seem strange to any one if he was wearied in showing kindness to them, inasmuch as he succeeded not by his assiduity. This volume completes the first English translation of Rufinus’s Latin version of Origen of Alexandria’s Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans and contains Origen’s detailed exegesis of Romans 6:12–16:27. Let the outstretched hands of Jesus lead you all your journey through. Romans 10:20. It confronts a variety of issues. Paul appeals to Roman Christians "to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God" (v. 1). 9. Some of us, alas! Calvin Instit. What leads up to this verse is the lively feeling of the contrast between the conduct of Israel and that of the Gentiles. The righteousness or justification, which is by faith, receives Christ as an atoning sacrifice, by which all past sin is pardoned. Romans 10:21. Greek: kai me suschematizesthe to aioni touto, alla metamorphousthe te anakainosei tou noos eis to dokimazein humas ti to thelema tou Theou, to agathon kai euareston kai teleion. Why is He there? Between the Sermon on the Mount and the last discourse in the supper room, He was continually teaching by word of mouth, sometimes single souls, sometimes His disciples, sometimes the Jews, now those who listened, and again those who refused to listen. Their problem was not lack of knowledge or intelligence, but of deliberate rebellion and disobedience. gainsaying. Shall we not learn the real nature of sin by gazing on the agony of mind and body which sin brought on the Son of God? The understanding can hardly fail to learn its lesson at a glance. Wells, Thursday Penny Pulpit, vol. Was not this our own case? The relation of men to God, and his to them, is not determined by any national or ecclesiastical connection. ROMANS 4:1-25 THIS chapter beautifully connects with all that precedes it. As invocation implies faith, and faith requires knowledge, and knowledge instruction, and instruction teachers, and teachers a mission, it is evident not only that God wills that teachers should be sent to all those whom he is willing to save, when they call upon him, but that all parts of this divinely connected chain of causes and effects are necessary to the end proposed, viz., the salvation of men. The writers seek to illuminate both the historical meaning and contemporary significance of Holy Scripture. x “Behold, I am laying in Zion y a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense;. Literally it is, âHe says to Israel;â but Paul has imitated the Hebrew idiom; for ל, lamed, is often put for מן, men. Romans 11:6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. Romans 11:26.—Spurgeon, Morning by Morning, p. 21. 4. Origen’s much neglected Commentary, which stands out in splendid isolation at the fountainhead of Greek and Latin exegesis, is now completely accessible to English readers. in the Book of Malachi the refrain: "And ye say"...! Moses and the prophets warned Israel of this attitude repeatedly, but the Chosen People persisted in it even after God had provided their Messiah. Quoted from Isaiah 65:2. Vine's Epistle to the Romans, published in 1957 by Zondervon was really helpful as was the Introductory Lectures, Volume 2-Paul's Epistles by William Kelly--Lectures delivered in 1869 and reprinted by Believer's Bookshelf in 1970; Synopsis The apostle quotes and applies the passage in the sense in which it is to be interpreted in the ancient prophet. The order of the LXX. So the LXX., but the Hebrew is simply ‘a rebellious people.’ Probably ‘disobedient’ presents the positive, and ‘gainsaying’ the negative side of the rebellious conduct; or rebellion is distinguished into refusing God’s commands and contradicting His words, disobedience and unbelief, acting and reacting upon each other continually. Commentary, Romans 12:9-21, Elizabeth Shively, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2014. The longest day has its evening, and after the evening comes the darkness of the night. (3) Is there one soul sighing for salvation, but saying within itself, 'Ah! A similar representation we have in Jeremiah 7:13; and Jeremiah 11:7, where he says that he rose up early to warn them. Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. What a beautiful example the great Apostle of the Gentiles holds forth to all that minister in the Gospel of Christ, in his earnest desire and prayer to God, for Israel's salvation! The model for Christians, parents, masters, employers, governors, is rather Christ upon His cross in anxious pain, stretching out the arms of entreaty and compassion, than Christ upon His throne finally dispensing the awards of judgment. God has extended wide his arms, and urged men frequently and long to return to his love; and it is only those who refuse, that he finally rejects. Includes helpful indexes and a bibliography. There are two ways of teaching duty—by word of mouth or precept, and by personal conduct or example. 2 For I testify about them that they have a certain enthusiasm for God, but not in accordance with [correct and vital] knowledge [about Him and His purposes]. All its duties may be performed, and all its blessings enjoyed, in every part of the world, and by every nation under heaven Romans 10:11-13. Quoted from Isa 65:2. Compare this with Acts 7:51,52 Ac 13:45 19:9. However, an interesting danger is revealed here. Romans 10:10-21 New International Version (NIV) 10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved. 1. Romans 10:21. For if in the prophetical discourse God spoke of Israel in the third person, in the book written for the people it is to them that he addresses this saying; comp. Commentary on Romans 15:14-21 (Read Romans 15:14-21) The apostle was persuaded that the Roman Christians were filled with a kind and affectionate spirit, as well as with knowledge. He says, "Don't be conformed to this world, but be transformed The Priestly Ministry of Paul and his Itinerary (15:14-33) A. Commentaries on Romans. The word of Christ is what brought us out of the world and that to which we were converted. Romans 10:21 And Isaiah is very bold and says, "I was found by those who did not seek Me, I became manifest to those who did not ask for Me." But to Israel he saith. This quotation, therefore, confirms both the great doctrines taught in this chapter; the Jews were no longer the exclusive or peculiar people of God, and the blessings of the Messiah's kingdom were thrown wide open to all mankind. For πρὸς = with reference to, see Hebrews 1:7 f., Luke 12:41. Romans 10 - Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. When next the temptation comes upon you, pause and send your thoughts to Calvary; think of your wilful sins as thorns in the head of Jesus, as drops of agony forced from His brow, as nails in His hands—those hands stretched out to save you; as nails in His feet—those feet which ever went about doing good; as a spear in His loving heart. But. With what rapture he speaks of his Lord, and the fulness of redemption in him. Witness the Jewish and the fallen Christian churches. In Romans 10:14-21, Paul shows how the Israelites had all the ingredients for salvation, but one. It is thus made clear that the apostle in no wise puts the rejection of Israel to the account of an unconditional divine decree, but that he ascribes the cause of it to Israel themselves. This had been foretold in the Old Testament, and they might have known it. It is to exalt our views respecting the blessings Christ has procured for us, by comparing them with the evil which followed upon the fall of our first father; and by showing that these blessings not only extend to the removal of these evils, but far beyond. Romans 10:14-17. 4. It must be very offensive to God, who looks on all men with equal favor, (except as moral conduct makes a difference,) to observe how one class of mortals looks down upon another, on account of some merely adventitious difference of rank, color, external circumstances, or social or ecclesiastical connection, ver 12. It is not want of knowledge, then, nor want of intelligence, but wilful and stubborn disobedience, that explains the exclusion of Israel (meanwhile) from the Kingdom of Christ and all its blessings. It affords no helps for the performance of duty. Middendorf is also writing the forthcoming Concordia Commentary on Romans 9-16. Compare, But the reason they did not know, was that they made themselves, to God’s Truth. We hope you understand the work of Jesus Christ more fully through this free edition of Michael Pearl’s Romans series. Its work toward the rebellious people seems closed; but it is far from being so. It makes no allowances for imperfections in duty, or for imperfections is our nature. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. They have stumbled over the w stumbling stone, 33 as it is written,. How will the remembrance of the simplicity and reasonableness of the plan of salvation, and the readiness of God to accept of all who call upon him, overwhelm those who perish from beneath the sound of the gospel! with the accent of entreaty, he says, “I beseech you, therefore, … 451201 > ROMANS 12:1-21 HERE we enter on the second division of this Epistle, where Paul, according to his accustomed method, enforces the duties of believers, by arguments dependent on his previous exhibition of the grand and influential doctrines of the Gospel.These doctrines, as well as all the commandments of God, may be summed up in one word, namely, in\parLOVE. I have stretched forth my hands; as a father holds forth his arms to receive a rebellious son. has the failure been in the very first step. II. Stretched] A metaphor from a mother. Used of a bird expanding its wings. Commentary on Romans 12:17-21 (Read Romans 12:17-21) Since men became enemies to God, they have been very ready to be enemies one to another. Copy Options. Preachers have not been sent, and if not sent, how could men hear, believe, or call upon God? Since a commentary is a fundamental tool for the expositor or teacher who seeks to interpret and apply Scripture in the church or classroom, the NAC focuses on communicating the theological structure and content of each biblical book. There is no condemnation for those who are in Christ, who has set us free from sin. The Book of Romans is among my favorites in the entire Bible. And cause the several means of grace in thine house of prayer, to be blessed of our God! David Guzik commentary on Romans 10 describes how Israel is still rejecting the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ. 21. When we drift away from it, we become confused, and we begin dividing, bickering and fighting among ourselves. But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people. The man who comes up to this standard, has ever been in it, and has never swerved from it, shall, by the law, live for ever. Oh! God's dealings, even with reprobate sinners, are full of tenderness and compassion. Recompense to no man evil for evil. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. Sometimes the quotation is designed to prove a doctrinal point. He plans on visiting Jerusalem, then Rome, and then on to pioneer territory in Spain (15:23-33) VIII. Greek. When we think of Calvary we see Jesus stretching forth His hands all the day to a disobedient and gainsaying people. Commentary on Romans 10:18-21 (Read Romans 10:18-21) Did not the Jews know that the Gentiles were to be called in? iv., p. 86. Chapter10 deals with Israel"s present rejection of Jesus Christ that has resulted in God"s temporary rejection of her. After this, is not the case fully ripe for trial? God is often found by those who apparently are the farthest from him, while he remains undiscovered by those who think themselves always in his presence, Romans 10:20. Romans 10:21. Paul follows the Septuagint version of the passage, merely transposing the clauses. The “hands held out” symbolize that love which pleads with Israel all through its history, and which they constantly despised and turned away from. Compare Romans 10:3. It requires perfect obedience, not only in all things, but in all places and circumstances. The failure of the whole must result from the failure of any one of the parts of the system of means. But with respect to Israel; not ‘to,’ nor yet, ‘against’ The contrast is between ‘Israel’ and the Gentiles referred to in the prophecy (Romans 10:20). When Paul wrote the epistle of Romans, his intention was that Romans would read the whole letter in one sitting, and that they would understand what they were reading without further explanation. Romans chapter 14 is a complex segment of scripture that frequently is both misunderstood and abused. It is the ingredient of faith! iii., p. 72; J. Vaughan, Sermons, 13th series, p. 53. Romans 10:21. There are two lessons, in conclusion, which we may endeavour to make our own. All day long I have stretched forth my hands. That is, according to a very common Hebrew construction, in which one verb qualifies another adverbially, saith very plainly or openly. Useful for crafting sermons, it focuses on the relevance of the passages rather than supplying numerous examples and illustrations. III. 3. Romans 11:33.—G. And those that embrace religion, must expect to meet with enemies in a world whose smiles seldom agree with Christ's. As the union includes the bodies of believers as well as their souls (1 Corinthians 6:15, 16, 17, 18, 19-note), so this transforming power will ultimately extend to the former as well as to the latter (Ro 8:10, 11-note). He deals with all, on the same general principles, and is ready to save all who call upon him, Romans 10:12. When He dies, we too share His death. 11 Never be lacking in zeal, but keep your spiritual fervor, serving the Lord. The Apostle has two thoughts in his mind: (1) the necessity that the gospel should be preached before it could be believed; (2) the fact that, although it was preached … Thou that art the glorious object of faith, and in whom faith centers all her hopes, joys, and expectations! All to no purpose. In the former verse there is a consolatory prophecy, foretelling the vocation of ignorant and profane Gentiles; and in this, there is a menacing prophecy, threatening the rejecting of the rebellious and stubborn Jews. It sums up the idea of the whole chapter: the obstinate resistance of Israel to the ways of God. (14-15) The necessity of the preaching of the gospel. Practice hospitality. Not for any demerit of His own; not only or chiefly to teach us virtue. 13 Share with the Lord’s people who are in need. 7. A reason is subjoined why God passed over to the Gentiles; it was because he saw that his favor was become a mockery to the Jews. Romans 12:2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect (NASB: Lockman). 11 proceeds to show us how God, in the overflowing of His grace, reserves to Himself the right to make this severe and painful dispensation issue in the most glorious result. John 14:15; John 14:21; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 1 Corinthians 16:22. The universality of the gospel implied the one way of faith; want of faith was the rejection of the universal gospel. (Romans 10:21 NIV) What a beautiful picture of the character of God. They resist him as much as they can, thus verifying the prophecy of holy Simeon, that he should be set up as a sign to be contradicted. Romans 10:21. But has God been “caught with his back turned?” God’s plans are never changed, since he knows the, The questions which may have been in Paul’s mind are brought up and answered in. The solemn question implied in the language of the apostle, How can they believe without a preacher? Romans 10:21, NIV: "But concerning Israel he says, 'All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people.'". The messengers of salvation have followed them to the very ends of the earth to offer them grace as well as the Gentiles; neither had God failed to warn them beforehand, from the very beginning of their history, of the danger they ran of seeing themselves outstripped by the Gentiles (Romans 10:18-20). I think that I see him lift the pen from the paper and look round upon us, as. Their unfaithfulness is also set forth by two most suitable words. Here's the … 12. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 16:25-27 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. The more who hear, the more will be saved, even should it be but a small proportion of the whole, Romans 10:16. Romans 8:22-27. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. A disobedient and gainsaying people. 21. Search the ... Rom 10:21 - But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people. 10. In the first verse of that chapter Isaiah says, that God will manifest himself to those "who were not called by his name;" and in the second, he gives the immediate reason of this turning unto the Gentiles, "I have stretched out my hand all the day to a rebellious people." With the mouth, the faith stemming from the heart is expressed and so is “for salvation” or confirms the salvation that has come into the believer’s possession. Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. But has God been “caught with his back turned?” God’s plans are never changed, since he knows the end from the beginning! Teaching by precept begins with the understanding; it may or may not reach the heart. Thus the discussion of the responsibility of the Jews ends: God offered them the gospel, but they would not accept. Now I want this to be very clear. See Acts 2:47. (1) One is particular. A list of the best commentaries on Romans ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. All the day long: do not these words designate the whole theocratic epoch, which, in the eyes of the Lord, is like a long day of labor in behalf of His people? This book has caused many to come to saving faith as they are walked down the Roman Road of Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23 and many others. Today, we sleep separately and he refuses to speak to me-he just glares… A loving person led me to Romans 8-28 and after reading your commentary, I now understand that there is good coming out of this, I just need to keep my faith and fill my days with scripture reading instead of having high anxiety of what may happen day after day.